Numerous folks in the WikiWorld effort come from an Electronic Information Exchange System (EIES) background led by Murray Turoff and Roxanne Hiltz started in 1974 innovating much of what we see on the internet today in a text only environment researching group communication by computer and collective intelligence. Many of the features demonstrated on EIES have yet to be realized on today's internet. WikiWorld to no small degree is an effort to transform the EIES caterpillar into a butterfly. In the old days everything had to be created from scratch. Today much of what is needed is available off the shelf, open source.

EIES Vision, Principles, and lessons learned
  • Participative application building, UserPrograming enables the individual directly and the group indirectly allowing individuals to automate their interactions with interface programming (Interact) and user agent (HAL Zilog), and share tools with the group (groupware).
  • a group can override any global functionality and an individual can override any group functionality.
  • CollaborationByDefault, demanding true consensus leads to inaction, enabling action without seconded objection empowers a group to take action. Individuals enslaved to a group will not contribute most effectively. Each will contribute the most if they are fulfilling their passion.
  • data as program, ActiveText, ActiveEmail - functional interactive communications and information resources.
  • Semi-structured text - program text and communication equivalence, string languages.
  • orthogonal polymorphic operations on objects. Smart Objects
  • Object-capability model security, from bare metal software to human organization actors.
  • interpretive structural modelling (ISM), Delphi, CMC, CSCW, OEPMIS, etc.
  • Agile principles
  • Never create what you cannot destroy. Even enable the user to modify or delete anything they have created.
  • People will not collaborate effectively unless they feel their privacy is being protected.
  • local system monitor privileges are granted by successfully breaking the security of the system thus exposing a security flaw. Additionally you must prove you are a security god by fixing the flaw.
  • all systems have an economic bases
  • user control of privacy, users can grant their permission selectively and atomically (mypriv) *
  • The ideal group size is two with value only in so far as results are communicated to larger groups. (truth is not a simple democracy)
  • up to five experts can improve a group decision
  • users can handle up to 7 choices without confusion.
  • over five experts will reduce the quality of a group decision
  • in groups of over five people there likely to be at least one pair of members that cannot collaborate
  • without a leader consensus is less likely to be reached
  • with two leaders consensus is less likely to be reached
  • facilitation is essential for group productivity.
  • anonymity and pen names improve group productivity.
  • asynchronous communication is often more effective than face to face or synchronous conferencing and synchronous ought be asynchronous to those who could not attend synchronously in a mediated group process
  • an individual or group process includes collected objects including orderings for individuals and groups, ratings, alternatives, histories, and other data sets as desired.
  • universal tools for organizing collections of anything, assigning active object attributes and aspects of items or lists, ordering, etc. is much better than having to use a separate tool for everything.
  • competition is healthy, but there is little point doing what someone else is doing or has done. What is important, and most profitable, is to do what is inevitable and time has come that nobody is doing. The opportunities are unbounded, but dependent on what is. While we have seen the future, and demonstrated it, but failed to "catch the wave" in a profitable manner, and we are determined to change that record.
  • It will be more fruitful for us to focus on development of a collective intelligence of humans and agents rather then venture to implement a singular artificial intelligence equal to one human.

​EIES History from the old WikiWorld

​EIES Legacy from the old WikiWorld

Research reports


​Back to the Network Nation Future presentation, conference