In the EIES research Turoff-Hiltz definition of collective intelligence is the ability of a group to develop better problem solutions than the best individual solution in the group.

This distinguishes collective intelligence from groupthink, which is more the lowest common denominator, mob rule, which tends to degenerate in intelligence as group size increases.

Common principles, roles, goals and tasks allow the emergence of collective intelligence when the group obeys behavioural norms and structured communications sufficiently such that the group identity exhibits collective behaviour that exceeds the contribution of the individuals and capitalizes on the relative nature of truth.

From a philosophical perspective collective intelligence may be related to dielectric truth, or the greater truth of the synthesis of a thesis and antithesis, and the synergy where the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

From the information theoretical perspective intelligence is the creation of information. It is relating the independent dimensions, or islands of consistency such that complexity and thus information is created in an information ecology such as the intelligence of nature herself.

In quantum logical systems, such as the universe, it is the effect of the participatory nature of local events creating inflationary immutable physically entangled information globally but conserved locally within information ecologies.

WikiWorld aims to provide an environment that maximises collective intelligence of groups of unbounded size by encouraging dissent.

Collective Intelligence on old WikiWorld.